How can students who require significant curriculum adjustments access Year 10 Trigonometry?

Providing age-equivalent curriculum in general education environments is an important aspect of inclusive education. For students to be genuinely included, they need to be accessing and participating in the same content and learning experiences alongside their peers.

Research demonstrates that all students (including those with significant cognitive disabilities) benefit from academic curriculum instruction, and can make progress in academic knowledge and skills. In order for this to be achieved, some students may require curriculum adjustments.

It can be challenging for teachers to identify and align curriculum adjustments that alter the complexity of age-equivalent curriculum content, and to deliver such adjustments within regular lessons.

The ‘Inclusive Curriculum Design and Delivery’ page of the School Inclusion website has been updated to provide an example of how curriculum adjustments can be applied within a Year 10 unit of study on trigonometry.

Located on the same page are other examples of curriculum adjustments that have been applied to a variety of different units of study.

Check out the ‘Teaching and Learning’ page for more information regarding a practical process for identifying and planning curriculum adjustments.

If you have any questions about curriculum adjustments, please contact us via the website or email at

Inclusive Education Cafe

The final Cafe for 2020 is taking place this Thursday!

We’ve got an amazing line-up of guest presenters, and some great questions have been submitted.


Time: Dec 10, 2020 04:00 PM Brisbane

Join Zoom Meeting

Meeting ID: 842 6780 0047
Passcode: 065462

Please share with your colleagues and networks. All are welcome.

We look forward to seeing you there!

If you have a question send Loren an email at

Inclusive Education Cafe


The final session for 2020 is taking place on December 10 at 4pm (Brisbane time)

A fabulous line up of guest presenters will be joining me for the Q&A event:

🌟 Linda Graham – Professor @ QUT
🌟 Kate de Bruin – Senior Lecturer @ Monash Uni
🌟 Catia Malaquias – Co-founder of All Means All
🌟 India Lennerth – Deputy Principal @ a Public High School in SA

Don’t forget to access the following link to submit anonymous questions…

Topics are listed to help guide/prompt you, but please feel free to submit any question/s relating to inclusive education.

Question submissions close at 8am tomorrow (Saturday) morning.

Zoom link for the Cafe session will be shared on Saturday.

Final Inclusive Education Cafe for 2020

The final Inclusive Education Cafe for 2020 is taking place on December 10 @ 4pm (Brisbane time).


The session is an inclusive education Q&A with guest speakers, and we would like to hear from you any questions that you would like to see answered/discussed.

Follow the survey link for an opportunity to submit questions that will be tabled during the live Q&A event.

If a question category in the survey doesn’t fit what you have in mind, please add anything further at the final question.

The Zoom link for the Cafe will be distributed shortly.

We look forward to your question submissions!

Inclusive Education Cafe – Consulting Students with Disability

It’s that time of Term again!..

The first, virtual Inclusive Education Cafe for Term 4 is taking place next week.

Guest presenter Haley Tancredi will be joining us to cover the topic of consulting students with disability.

The topic of student consultation was raised many times across the recent Disability Royal Commission hearing into education (more about the hearing can be found here: Disability Royal Commission – Second Hearing into Education).

The hearing heard testimonies from many students and families about the barriers experienced when attempting to consult with schools around appropriate and impactful adjustments, school disciplinary measures, and attendance and engagement.

The Disability Standards for Education legislates the requirements to consult students and families. However, barriers to consultation are prevalent and ongoing.

During this Cafe, Haley will support educators to understand their obligations to consult, and what consultation is and is not. She will also provide insight into how educators can engage in consultation in a way that is supportive of students with disability.

Cafe Details:

Thursday, 22nd October @ 3.45pm (Brisbane time)

Zoom Link –

Meeting ID: 421 879 2898
Passcode: 748793

Please access the following practice guide to support your professional learning and engagement throughout the Cafe:

Please share Cafe details with your networks. We look forward to seeing you there!


This week the Disability Royal Commission conducted its second hearing into education.

The hearing explored the barriers experienced by students with disability in accessing a safe, quality and inclusive school education. It also considered the resulting life course impacts on students and families when barriers prevent equitable schooling experience. The hearing heard testimony from students, parents, advocacy groups, organisations, academics, and education department representatives.

Focus topics included:

– The impact of absences, suspensions, exclusions and expolsions

– The re-engagement of students when they have experienced suspensions, exclusions and expolsions

– The provision of adjustments and supports, and the barriers to making and receiving reasonable adjustments

– Individualised planning

– Use of restrictive practices

– Teacher training and qualification requirements

– The resulting impacts on life course and mental health of students who have experienced barriers, including the transition to higher education and employment.

Official information about the hearings, and recordings of past and current hearings can be accessed via the Disability Royal Commission website:

Twitter is also a great place to hear reflections and comments regarding hearing testimonies. Follow the hashtag #DisabilityRC. The School Inclusion Network for Educators (SINE) have a Twitter presence, and has been contributing to the commentary. Follow us @sineinclusion

What’s happening at the School Inclusion Network for Educators (SINE)?

Coming off the back of a tumultuous Term 2, Term 3 is now in full swing for most states, or nearing its start in others.

Check out the information below to catch up on what’s been happening at the Network, and what’s to come.

Collaboration with the Inclusive School Communities Project

The start of Term 3 has signalled the end of a series of 6 webinars that Loren hosted in collaboration with JFA Purple Orange and their Inclusive School Communities Project. The webinars covered topics relating to curriculum adjustments for students with disability, and engaging in data analysis and cycles of inquiry to monitor the advancement of inclusive schooling practices.

The webinars were recorded and will be made available on the project website in the near future:

In addition, Loren is currently working on associated Q&A responses to accompany the recorded webinars, and is producing 2 tools which will be added to the Inclusive School Practices Toolkit on the site.

Inclusive Education Cafe

The first cafe for Term 3 is happening Wednesday next week at 3.45-5.15 AEST.

Following the results of a survey that gave SINE members an opportunity to select preferred topics, the 3 sessions this Term will focus on curriculum adjustments:

Session 1: Age-equivalent Curriculum Clarity
Session 2: Applying QDTP and Supplementary Curriculum Adjustments
Session 3: Applying Substantial and Extensive Curriculum Adjustments

Units of study from Year 7 Science and Year 4 English will inform the professional learning and tasks across all sessions.

Participants will engage in demonstration of the curriculum clarity and alignment process, and will be given opportunity to practice the skills in collaborative breakout groups.

Links to all Cafe sessions will be available in the SINE Network Facebook group.

Recordings and resources from all sessions can be found here:

Sequences of Achievement

Loren is in the process of creating sequences of achievement that support inclusive curriculum provision.

The sequences support teachers to make decisions about associated curriculum content and complexity across the strands and sub-strands of learning areas to ensure that all students can access age-equivalent content. This supports the curriculum clarity process associated with making substantial curriculum adjustments.

Sequences of achievement for Mathematics and Science are currently available, and English and History are in the final stages of development and will be added soon.

You can find the sequences of achievement here:

Disability Standards for Education Review

The Disability Standards for Education (DSE) are undergoing review.

“The Standards help to make sure students with disability can access and participate in education and training on the same basis as students without disability. This supports people with disability to be able to participate fully in society and have more opportunities throughout their life.”

We encourage all inclusive educators to contribute to the consultation process. This is an opportunity to influence the strengthening of the DSE to better reflect the human right to inclusive education as outlined in the UNCRPD.

Head to the website for more information:

SINE Book Club

We are halfway through our recent book club text – UDL Now! By Katie Novak.

We are enjoying the exploration of this great text, and engaging with a wealth of additional/supporting resources with each chapter.

SINE members are following along within the Facebook group, and are sharing their reflections on the content.

It’s never too late to join, just jump on the associated posts in the Facebook group.

If you’d like to get in touch, head to the contacts page of the School Inclusion – From Theory to Practice website:

Inclusive Education Cafe’s a hit with participants!

The social distancing requirements of COVID-19 presented a prime opportunity for Loren to re-design the popular Inclusive Education Cafe’s. The Cafe’s were once an opportunity only accessible in person by those in Loren’s school district/region.

Loren came up with concept when the Queensland Department of Education released its Inclusive Education Policy in mid 2018. Loren identified a need for educators to have an opportunity to come together and learn about the practical application of the policy, to share in challenges of practice, and to celebrate improvement.

Since the inception, the Cafe’s have grown to include focused professional learning and network coaching on topics including data analysis, action planning, whole-school approaches to differentiated teaching and learning, Universal Design for Learning, Co-teaching, curriculum adjustments, and supporting student engagement. The Cafe’s also grew to include educators from Catholic and Independent schools from Loren’s local area.

The Cafe is now delivered in partnership with the School Inclusion Network for Educators (SINE). The Cafe has broadened to suit a national audience, and brings together educators from across all States and sectors of education. The Cafe’s are planned to be delivered three times per Term, and occur via Zoom video conferencing.

Feedback from the first two Cafe’s has been very positive. Educators enjoy the collaborative and practical nature of the sessions, and take away great ideas and learning.

Examples of feedback provided via survey:

The recordings from the Cafe’s, along with their associated resources are available on Loren’s website.

If you would like to participate in future Cafe’s, please join the SINE Network for details.

Upcoming Free Webinars

During the month of May, Loren will be presenting two free webinars for Australian school leaders and educators.

Making Supplementary, Substantial, and Extensive Curriculum Adjustments

To comply with the Disability Standards for Education (DSE), educators must implement reasonable adjustments so that all students have the opportunity to become active and engaged learners. For some, these adjustments apply to the way in which they access and participate in curriculum. This presentation focuses on unpacking processes that ensure all students can continue to engage with their age-equivalent curriculum within the general education classroom, including those who require supplementary, substantial or extensive curriculum adjustments.

Wednesday 13 May, 2020 – 3:30-5:00pm ACST (Adelaide Time)


Scan and Assess: Data Analysis and Designing Surveys for School Staff and Students

A core component of successful inclusive school improvement involves considered reflection and monitoring of impact. Essentially – how are we going, and how do we know? This inquiry approach is paramount in identifying challenges of practice, prioritizing and action planning, and reviewing implementation. This presentation focuses on unpacking processes that assist in gathering and analysing relevant scan and asses data, including the use of surveys as a valuable and insightful qualitative measure.

Wednesday 27 May, 2020 – 3:30-5:00pm ACST (Adelaide Time)


These events are funded by the National Disability Insurance Agency as part of the Inclusive School Communities Project. 

The Inclusive School Communities Project is about making SA schools accessible and inclusive for ALL students, including those living with disability. The project is being led by JFA Purple Orange under the guidance of a Steering Group of local and national stakeholders and with the leadership of young people living with disability. We now have 15 schools from government, catholic and independent sectors involved in the project and a group of 20+ school delegates (principals, deputies, directors, heads, coordinators, teachers, and teacher’s aides) – all keen to lead their schools towards inclusive education. Visit the Inclusive School Communities website to find out more

Please join us for these free professional learning opportunities!

Inclusive Education Cafe

For the past 2 years Loren has been hosting a regular Inclusive Education Cafe across the North Queensland Region – this has equated to the delivery of over 20 sessions, and has encompassed schools and educators in areas such as Ingham, Townsville, Ayr/Home Hill, Bowen, Whitsunday’s and Mount Isa.

The Cafe’s have provided a unique way to connect and engage participants in informal professional learning around Inclusive Education. The Cafe’s have offered exploration and delivery of practical solutions and responses to common questions and challenges of practice experienced in schools. This contextual and collaborative approach has been a successful way for participants to build their capability.

The Cafe’s have attracted a lot of interest from across Queensland State Schools, other systems, and other parts of the country. However, Loren’s return to her substantive position within a school has limited her availability to deliver the Cafe sessions beyond her immediate location. This in combination with the current COVID-19 restriction on social gatherings, has presented an opportunity to rethink Cafe delivery.

The Inclusive Education Cafe’s will now exist as an online experience through the use of Zoom. Participants will have the opportunity to engage in professional learning that centers on the same principles as the previous in-house sessions. This shift will allow for broader and larger cross-sector/system collaboration.

The following structure will be used to faciliate the Cafe experience online:

  • Welcome – Framing the focus question and challenge of practice
  • Connect – Stimulated reflection with participants in small groups
  • Learn – Exploration of practical strategies and solutions
  • Share – Collaborative discussions to share learning and contextual examples
  • Summary – Stimulated whole-group reflection and question time

Recordings of the Cafe’s will be made available on the School Inclusion – From Theory to Practice website.

The Cafe’s will run at regular intervals across the year and invites will be shared on the SINE Facebook page. The first online Cafe will take place on April 16, 2020.

More information about the Inclusive Education Cafe’s can be found here.